Phonics is the way we teach children how to read and write. In Reception the children will have learnt the single sounds (phonemes) that the letters make in the alphabet. They have also learnt that some phonemes make longer sounds using 2 or 3 letters together (for example: igh as in night).
In year 1 we have to learn new ways to make the phonemes and there are a few new ones too. We practice blending them together to read words and segmenting words to write them.
You can help and encourage your children to 'sound out' when reading and get them to tell you different phonemes they can see.
There are lots of online games and activities which are also fun for helping to practice our skills. Have a look at these...