Phonics is the way we teach children how to read and write. In Reception the children will have learnt the single sounds (phonemes) that the letters make in the alphabet. They have also learnt that some phonemes make longer sounds using 2 or 3 letters together (for example: igh as in night).
In year 1 we continue to learn new ways of making these phonemes and practicing blending them together to read and segmenting them to write.
You can help and encourage your children to 'sound out' when reading and get them to tell you different phonemes they can see.
There are lots of online games and activities which are also fun for helping to practice our skills.